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Interesting formula concerning ductile iron
Interesting formula, required for the production of ductile iron.
The formula are in the field of chemistry, melting, heat treatment, structure and free graphite, mechanical properties, quality index and engineering. 
It is very interesting for engineering, moulding, melting department and heat treatment department  as well as quality department. 
It is also well suited for first technical foundry related education.   PDF-format / 18 pages / 0,2 Mb
35.00 € 35.0 EUR
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Melting Ferrous Alloys - Important temperatures
This short book gives the method / formula for calculating the liquidus and solidus temperature as well as the eutectic temperature (usable for evaluating the thermal analysis curve result). 
It indicates and describes the equilibrium and cooking temperature for the C-Si reactions (important for melting). 
A simple formula is given for calculating the pouring- and tap-temperature. 
It is very interesting tool for engineering and melting department as well as evaluating tool for quality control.   PDF-format / 38 pages / 2 Mb
35.00 € 35.0 EUR
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Solidification of Ductile iron
Describes the solidification of ductile iron in an easy to understand language for engineers and quality department employees. 
The free graphite, concerning formation and evaluation is described first, after which the austenite structure is analyzed.
Than the different types of solidification and dependency on the wall thickness is discussed with extra attention to the last solidifying area. 
The influence of the solidification on mechanical properties of the metal and the porosity in the casting are mentioned as well as the all testing involved, during the production and on the casting. The overview of the non-conformities close the book. 
In the attachments, special attention is given to the effect and behaviour of all elements involved in ductile iron. 
It is very interesting for engineering, production leaders and quality department. It is also well suited for technical education. PDF-format / 189 pages / 40,7 Mb 
If the Metallurgy of ductile iron, together with this one is ordered, than the price for both together (excluded VAT if applicable) is 250 EURO
150.00 € 150.0 EUR
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Ductile Iron Castings - Permanent moulds
General information about ductile iron, latest revision in 2012. 
The types of permanent moulds are described as well as the process, resulting in improved mechanical properties. 
The next chapter describes the engineering and design features and rules as well as the common (mostly required) testing and quality control.
The results and rules are discussed per type of mould and per casting material. 
The evaluation of this process is done concerning cost, mechanical properties, pressure tightness and dimensional stability. 
In the attachment, some details are given for “bar” casting and the design rules for the moulds. 
It is very interesting as general information for foundry engineering and quality department and design engineers of the casting using companies. PDF-format / 42 pages / 1 Mb.
50.00 € 50.0 EUR
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Melting of ductile iron
This book is written for performing the “best” melting of ductile iron. 
The energy consumption is evaluated compared to the theoretical required energy and the influences of the melting instruction and equipment. It close with a best practice summary. 
During melting, a lot of chemical reactions are happening. Some of them are negative, others can be used for improving the result. The melting loss can be controlled. It close with a best practice summary. 
The factors, during melting, that influence the free graphite in shape and type, that can degenerate the free graphite, are extensively discussed. 
The next chapter inventories the best practice recommendations and rules. The best melting procedure and instructions are indicated. The book will close with a summary of formula that can be applied during the complete melting process. 
It is a must for engineering, melting and other production leaders and quality department. It also gives suggestions for saving energy and having less waste. 
It is also well suited for first technical foundry related education.  
If the Solidification of ductile iron, together with Metallurgy of Ductile iron and this one is ordered, than the price for all three together (excluded VAT if applicable) is 350 EURO   PDF-format / 124 pages / 16,2 Mb
135.00 € 135.0 EUR
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Metallurgy of Ductile Iron
Describes the metallurgy of ductile iron in a very practical and easy to understand language for production leaders (especially melting department) engineers and quality department employees. 
The free graphite is described first, with all common features as are shape, nodularity, size and nodule count. Also the presence of carbides is discussed. Than the potential structures are described and analyzed. 
The influence of the chemistry is inventoried and split according to commonly used, spheroidizing and alloying elements. The subversive elements and gases are discussed separately. 
The metallurgical treatments, required and or preferred to get the proper ductile iron, are described: pretreatment in furnace, desulfurizing, nodulising and inoculation. 
The non-conformities are split into free graphite shape, amount and degenerated types. Than the structure non-conformities are described. 
In the attachments, attention is paid on the influence of the melting procedure and the nuclei. 
It is very interesting book for engineering, melting and other production leaders as well as quality department. It is also well suited for first technical foundry related education. PDF-format / 188 pages / 15,3 Mb  
If the Solidification of ductile iron, together with this one is ordered, than the price for both together (excluded VAT if applicable) is 250 EURO.
150.00 € 150.0 EUR
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Pouring System for Castings
The pouring system of a casting is an underestimated item due to the fact that most of the inclusions are caused and not-well blocked by the pouring system. In a first part, the purpose and standard designs are described as well as the important features: choke section, pouring time, ferrostatic height, speed or friction factor and metal velocity. 
The second part will inventories and evaluate the design and pressurized and non-pressurized and mixed system. 
Than every item (pouring box, sprue, runner, ingates, vents, slag collectors and filters are described in detail. 
Some exotic types are shown and an example of calculation program result close the book. The calculation program can be purchased at Gietech BV. 
This book is a must for engineering, pattern and moulding department and quality department. It is a book that every engineer should read and use before he starts using simulation programs. 
It is also well suited for the technical foundry related education.  PDF-format / 182 pages / 5,5 Mb
150.00 € 150.0 EUR
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Furane sand - Chemical bounded sand
The book shows the different self-setting systems and compare them. It describes the furane system more in detail and inventories the influences and give recommendations for use. 
The reclaiming of this sand and the common used equipment are discussed as well as the preferred testing: new and reclaimed sand, mould and core sand, coating and mould and core strength. 
As a last part the non-conformities are described, concerning mould and core and concerning consequences on the castings. 
In the additions, the use of chromite sand, the test instructions and hardening curve of the sand is explained. The influences on environment and the safety precautions are also mentioned. 
It is very interesting for engineering, moulding and core making as well as quality department as it also inventories the potential problems.   PDF-format / 217 pages / 16,9 Mb
100.00 € 100.0 EUR
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Lost Foam Castings
First the process capability is described as well as the advantages and disadvantages. 
The complete description of the foam process: lost foam-vacuum and full mould system, is done in detail. 
The full mould production is analyzed concerning pattern quality, pattern glue, sand and coating, pouring temperature and system as well as the use of risers and chills. 
The inventory of potential non-conformities is given with pictures and explanation. 
Some application examples close the book. 
It is very interesting for engineering, moulding and core making as well as quality department as it also inventories the potential problems. 
It is interesting literature for casting designers to be aware of the capability and restrictions of the lost foam system.   PDF-format / 66 pages / 10,7 Mb
75.00 € 75.0 EUR
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Inoculation of iron
Inoculation is one of the required and metal quality related metallurgical treatments. Most foundries just use figures, given by the suppliers, without further investigation or evaluation. 
The definition and purpose of this treatment is given as well as the preferred final free graphite. The inoculation mechanism and its fading effect are described. 
The potential inoculants and the type of addition, together with preferred procedures (rules) are explained as well as the testing methods. The potential non-conformities are inventoried and described. 
In the attachment, more information about the nodule count and the effect of Overinoculation is presented. 
It is required material for foundry engineering, melting and other production leaders and quality department.
It is also well suited for first technical foundry related education.  PDF-format / 88 pages / 8,1 Mb
75.00 € 75.0 EUR
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Calculation of Tensile strength & Hardness - Gray iron
This books wants to show an inventory of the potential formula for calculating the tensile strength and hardness of gray iron. 
The influencing factors are described and in the addition the important Mn/S relation is discussed. 
The formula are explained as well as the relation with the casting wall thickness. The foundry can chose one of the formula for his future use. 
It is very interesting manual for engineering and quality department, but can also be used by the melting department. 
It is also interesting for the designers, engineering and inspectors of casting users.   PDF-format / 27 pages / 0,4 Mb
75.00 € 75.0 EUR
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Casting surface capability
The casting surface finish is one of the most controversial subjects and leads many times to discussion between supplier and customer. 
First the definitions (as cast and machined condition) are set and then USA collected data are presented.
The influences on the surface finish are inventoried and discussed. 
The inventory of the international standards and commonly acceptable recommendations leads to the testing and evaluation. 
A comparison between the casting as cast and machined surface is given and the effect of the shot (shot blasting activity) given. 
It is very easy to use book for engineering and the fettling and cleaning department leaders. Quality department can use it during the discussion with the customers (for setting the requirements) and their inspectors. 
It is also interesting for the designers of casting users and can assist their inspectors for first and correct evaluation of the castings.  PDF-format / 19 pages / 30,3 Mb
75.00 € 75.0 EUR
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Coating for chemical bounded sand
The purpose of coating applying and the available types are described, as well as their common composition. The selection criteria and requirements are discussed. 
The process of applying the coating (preparing, applying, drying) is discussed in detail and instructions and testing is added. 
The non-conformities due to the coating are identified and safety precautions mentioned, amongst which the bacterial attack in water based coatings. 
It is required knowledge for foundry engineering, moulding and core making as well as quality department as it also inventories the potential problems. 
It is not a “training” for inspectors.  PDF-format / 43 pages / 2 Mb
50.00 € 50.0 EUR
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Mould pressure during pouring
This book describes the pressure and indicates two methods to calculate the required weighing and how to place it on the mould. 
It is important for the engineering department and mould / pouring leaders.   PDF-format / 10 pages / 1,2 Mb
50.00 € 50.0 EUR